Effetto PCB is a series of pieces started in 2012, the year when the environmental disaster caused by PCB pollution in Brescia became public.
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) are organic chlorine compounds, which because of their longevity, are classified as a severe environmental pollutant.
The original blend for the compound was created and patented by Monsanto in the 1930s with its commercial use relying mostly on the stable nature of the chemicals in it. PCB-based products are fire resistant and highly effective when used for thermal and electric insulation. Because of this, PCBs can only be eliminated through incineration or catalytic processes.
Manufacturing of PCBs slowly begun to decline in the 1970s, and in countries such as Italy these compounds have been banned since 1983. In the same year, Caffaro, the only producer of PCBs based on Monsanto’s original patent in Italy closed their doors after 50 years of activity.
Brescia in Italy and Anniston in the USA have suffered the highest level of environmental contamination caused by PCBs in relation to land, rivers and food supplies. These are also the places where the correlation between the long-term existence of PCB manufacturing and its toxic effects on people and the environment has been abundantly demonstrated.